This tutorial will take you every single step of the way through installing Ubuntu 7.04 (Feisty Fawn) using Parallels Desktop for Mac for OS X. In other words, even your parents should be able to follow along.
Note: if you’re looking for help installing Ubuntu 7.10 (Gutsy Gibbon) in Parallels, see this tutorial.
This tutorial is for anyone with an Intel based Mac who is curious about Linux – specifically Ubuntu, and has about an hour to kill (not including the time it takes to download Ubuntu).
The steps and screenshots used for this tutorial are specific to an earlier version of Parallels Desktop for Mac running on a MacBook Pro w/ OS X (10.4.10). With that said, they will be nearly identical if you have a Mac Pro, Mac Mini, MacBook or any other Intel based Apple Mac, and the process itself is still quite similar (if not easier).
Ubuntu is a free, open source Linux-based operating system with a clear focus on the user and usability (it should “Just Work”). When you finish your Ubuntu installation your system is immediately usable. On the desktop you have a full set of business productivity applications, internet applications, drawing and graphics applications, and games. For more information on Ubuntu, visit http://www.ubuntu.com/ubuntu.
As you may have noticed, here at Simplehelp we often recommend software, and 90-something percent of the time that software is free. Parallels isn’t free, but it really is worth the cost. It will allow you to run other operating systems (like Ubuntu) on your Mac – without having to worry about any of your OS X settings, documents or files being accidentally deleted. And if you don’t like Ubuntu you can trash it and carry on like it never happened.
One other (major) benefit of using Parallels is that you run the other operating system (in this case Ubuntu) while OS X is running. You don’t need to restart your computer each time you want to switch from OS X to Ubuntu and vice-versa.
Read more about Parallels here: <Parallels Desktop
Before you start – make sure to download Ubuntu from http://www.ubuntu.com/download. The file you’ll want to download (as of 8/15/07) is ubuntu-7.04-desktop-i386.iso. Also, make sure Parallels Desktop 3.0 is installed.
- If this is the first time you’re using Parallels, the Wizard will launch automatically. If it’s not the first time you’ve used Parallels, launch the Wizard by selecting File -> New…
- Select Custom and then click the Next > button.
- In the OS Type: select Linux and in the OS Version: select Other Linux kernel 2.6. Click Next > to continue. NOTE: In the latest version of Parallels, there is an “Ubuntu” choice from the menu. If you’re using the very latest version of Parallels, select it rather than Other Linux kernel 2.6.
- The amount of memory (RAM) defaults to 256MB. I opted to ‘upgrade’ to 512MB as my MacBook Pro has 2GB. When you’ve made a choice, click Next >.
- Choose Create a new hard disk image and again, Next >.
- The default virtual hard disk size will be set to 32000MB (roughly 32GB). If you opt to use an Expanding virtual hard disk, you won’t actually use 32000MB right away, rather, Parallels will allocate space as it’s needed, up to 32000MB. The defaults are a good option. Click Next > after you’ve made your selections.
- I used Shared Networking as the networking option, but you can make the choice that best suits your needs. Click Next >.
- Now give this virtual machine a name – anything will do, but something descriptive is always a good idea. If you click the small More Options arrow, you can also choose where the virtual machine files will be stored, and if Parallels should make a shortcut to Ubuntu on your desktop. Click Next >.
- Here you’ll need to decide if you want to allocate more performance to the virtual machine (Ubuntu in this case) or OS X – when the virtual machine is running. Once you’ve made a choice, click Next >.
- Click More Options and select ISO image. Then click the Choose… button.
- Navigate to your Ubuntu .iso file (ubuntu-7.04-desktop-i386.iso), select it and click Open.
- Make sure Start Linux Kernel 2.6 installation is checked, and then click Finish.
- Ubuntu will now boot up for the first time.
- Click inside the Parallels window, make sure that Start or install Ubuntu is highlighted, and hit the enter key on your keyboard.
- Don’t be at all surprised if the video on your screen seems to go “fuzzy” for a while (20-30 seconds).
- Ubuntu will start up. Because the .iso file you downloaded is a “Live” image, you can actually play around with Ubuntu right now. If you’re not connected to the Internet…
- select the Network icon from the far right of the menu bar. Choose Wired Network and you should connect to the Internet via OS X.
- When you’re ready to install Ubuntu, double-click the Install icon on your Ubuntu desktop.
- Select your language from the list in the left column and click Forward.
- Choose the city closest to you from the Selected city: list and then click Forward.
- Select the type of keyboard layout you’d like to use, and then click Forward.
- Make sure Guided – use entire disk and SCSI1 are both selected (they should be by default).
- Nothing to import, so click Forward
- Enter your Name, the name you wish to use to login, a password and whatever you want to call your “Ubuntu computer” in the spaces provided. Once again, click Forward.
- And now finally, click the Install button.
- Go get a cup of coffee or your beverage of choice. This can take a while.
- When the installation is complete, choose Continue using the live CD instead of Restart now (because we’ll want to make a few changes before using Ubuntu again).
- Power off Ubuntu by clicking the red “Log off” button in the upper-right corner of your Ubuntu desktop.
- And select Shut Down from the menu.
- Don’t be too surprised if Ubuntu freezes at some point, and the video seems to ‘scramble’. Use the keyboard-combo to ‘release’ your keyboard and mouse focus from Ubuntu (it will be displayed in the very bottom left corner of your Parallels window). Use the red square Stop Virtual Machine button to completely power off Ubuntu.
- Back at your Ubuntu configuration window, click the Configuration link.
- Select CD/DVD-ROM 1 from the left column. On the right frame of the Configuration Editor, select Use CD/DVD-ROM (instead of Use image file). Click OK.
- Start up Ubuntu again, and after you get to the Ubuntu desktop, use the keyboard-combo to return your keyboard and mouse focus to OS X. Select Actions from the Parallels menu, and Install Parallels Tools… from the drop-down list.
- You’ll get a warning/about pop-up. Click OK to close it (after you read everything, of course).
- Back in Ubuntu, a File Browser window will appear. Ignore it for now.
- Select Applications -> Accessories and finally Terminal.
- Enter the command:
sudo sh /cdrom/parallels-tools.run
and enter your password when prompted. After a few moments you’ll be returned to the command prompt. Make sure that the line above the prompt reads Please restart your Xserver or reboot whole VM, and then close the Terminal window. Press ctrl + alt + delete to restart your Xserver (or use the log out button). Once you sign in again, you should notice that you can move your mouse (and keyboard focus) in and out of the Ubuntu/Parallels window without having to use the keyboard combo.